Emergency Services Training
Each Civil Air Patrol members Emergency Services qualification is associated with a series of knowledge and skill tasks. These tasks serve as the basic minimum qualification to the ES specialty. The tasks are contained in “Task Book” for each specialty. Also each person must be signed off on a Specialty Training Qualification Record (SQTR). The person is trained on each task by one person and then evaluated by a Wing appointed examiner to determine if they know or can do.
Members gain training in the Emergency Services specialties in several ways. National Civil Air Patrol puts on the Emergency Services Academy at Camp Atterbury in Indiana. Here all CAP ES specialties are trained in a week intense training program. The Virginia Wing holds schools for two weekends on the Ground and Air qualifications. Members are also trained at the Squadron and Group Level.
Mission Aircrew Training
Aircrews are divided into three specialties, Mission Pilot, Mission Observer and Scanner.
To be a mission pilot a person must be at least a private pilot with 175 hours PIC. He or she must be a mission scanner and a Mission Transport pilot. They are responsible for the safe operation of the aircraft while performing any mission assigned to them. These can range from Imaging Missions for FEMA, air interdiction in support of DHS, or flying a search grid for a missing aircraft.
To be a Mission Observer the person must be at least 18 and have a Mission Scanner qualification. The Mission Observer assists the pilot in navigation, operation of the CAP radios, record keeping and searching.
The Mission Scanner must be at least 18 and have a General Emergency Services rating. They are responsible for searching from an aircraft.
Ground Team Training
Civil Air Patrol Ground teams are made up as needed for a particular mission based on the following specialties:
Ground Team Leader (GTL)
Ground Team Member (GTM)
Urban Direction Finding Member (UDF)
A Ground Team leader must be at least 18 years of age and have completed training as a Ground Team Member 3. There are 40 different knowledge and skill tasks that have to be completed in addition to being observed by a qualified supervisior on at least two tasks/sorties.
The Ground Team Member qualification is divided into three types. Type 1 is the highest qualification and Type 3 is the lowest. The GTM rating has no age restriction. Trainees must complete a total of 37 tasks which include ICS courses, communications training, and first aid training. In addition they must demonstrate competence on two task/Sorties. A GTM2 requires 12 more tasks and two more performance demonstrations. A GTM 1 requires 11 more tasks and the same number of competence demonstrations.
A UDF team member must compete 20 tasks and knowledge skills related to using Direction Finding equipment to locate Emergency Locator Transmitters. They also have two performance evaluations as well.
In the Communications Field the requirements for training are based on two specialties:
Mission radio Operator (MRO)
Communications Unit Leader (CUL)
A Mission Radio Operator must first become a CAP Radio operator. This involves completion of three on line courses and then a performance evaluation by an evaluator who certifies the member can perform the skills associated with operating a CAP Very High Frequency (VHF) or High Frequency (HF) radio.
Once having obtained the radio operators permit, the MRO then must complete 2 ICS courses and 11 different knowledge and skills tasks. After that they do two performance evaluations on two separate shifts during training exercises or real missions.
The Communications Unit leader (CUL) is the person who structures and sets up a communications center for a mission. They have additional ICS courses to take and then must complete 9 skill/knowledge tasks. After that they do two performance evaluations on two separate shifts during training exercises or real missions.